What was Pax Romana, and what was its historical significance?

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mkoren eNotes educator| Certified Educator

The Pax Romana was known as the Peace of Rome. It began in 27 B.C., with the rule of Octavian, and lasted until 180.

The Pax Romana was a very important period of time for Rome. There was a significant territorial expansion, as Rome ruled from England to North Africa to the Middle East. There was a significant growth in the population of Rome, which reached 70 million people at its peak. The economy of Rome also grew significantly.

The Pax Romana began when the Roman Senate gave Octavian the name of Augustus. Augustus ruled for 41 years, setting the stage for many of the accomplishments that were made during the Pax Romana.

During the Pax Romana, Rome developed in many ways. Roads were built to transport the military and the people. Communication also improved. Aqueducts were built to bring water to Rome. Many famous Roman buildings, such as the Pantheon, were built during this time. There also was a significant amount of cultural development. For example, Roman writers flourished.

The Peace of Rome was an important time period in Roman and world history.

bullgatortail eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Pax Romana was not a person, but a period of time for the Roman Empire that was known for its peace and non-militaristic activities. The term, Pax Romana is Latin for "Roman Peace," and it occurred for more than two centuries from about 27 B. C. to 180 A. D. First established by Emperor Caesar Augustus, the period of relative peace ended with the demise of Marcus Aurelius (180 A. D.); the assassination of his son, Commodus; and the rise to power of Septimius Severus. The term Pax Romana was first coined in The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire (1776-1789) by Edward Gibbon. Augustus was able to initiate this period of peace by creating a coalition of his greatest military leaders, thus restricting the possibilities for civil war. 


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