Who was Mozart?
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born in Salzburg, Austria on January 27, 1756. He died at the age of 35 under strange circumstances; some say it was a fever. He was buried in an unmarked grave. He composed during the Classical period. His contemporary composers were people like Ludwig van Beethoven.
Mozart is probably the greatest genius in the history of western music, perhaps in the history of the world. He began composing at the age of five. By the time he was nine he was writing symphonies! When he was six his sister and he toured Europe, playing several instruments for kings and queens. Mozart excelled in every form in which he composed.
“Mozart wrote his first opera, Mitridate Re di Ponto, in 1770 when he was only 14 years old. He had actually written a few earlier operas, but they were performed only in the Archbishop’s court in Salzburg. Over his career, Mozart wrote 17 operas. The most famous include The Marriage of Figaro, The Magic Flute, and Don Giovanni. Mozart’s more than 600 works include 41 symphonies, of which Eine Kleine Nachtmusic is probably the most well-known. Mozart married Constanze Weber in 1782. He had first proposed to Constanze’s older sister, who had rejected his suit. In spite of this earlier proposal and financial difficulties, their marriage was a happy one until Mozart’s death in 1791 at the age of 35.”
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was a performer and composer of music who lived during what we now call the "Classical" period of music. The Classical period of music is distinguished from the musical styles of the past by its practitioner's adherence to strict rules of composition and performance.
Although Mozart, as a youth, was taught these rules of performance and composition, his genius was such that he was able to subvert the rules to make his music acceptably conventional, yet imaginative and innovative.
As a youth, Mozart was hailed as a prodigy, and paraded about court as a phenomenon. As he grew older, the place that Mozart held in society as a "child star" deteriorated as he engaged in boorish, petulant behaviours. I recommend that you see the play Amadeus or watch the video, provided that you recognize that the screenplay takes some liberties with the accuracies of Mozart's life in order to make dramatic impact.
Mozart was a prolific and ingenious composer. I recommend to you his Jupiter symphony (4th movement) and his Haffner symphony as representative of his genius.