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pohnpei397 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Martin Luther King, Jr. was the most famous civil rights leader of the Civil Rights Movement that occurred in the United States during the late 1950s and the 1960s.  Dr. King was the main face of the movement during the period in which the movement concentrated on protests and civil disobedience to achieve its goals.

Dr. King was born in 1929 in Atlanta, Georgia.  His father was a minister and King himself would become a minister later in life.  King came to prominence during the Montgomery (Alabama) Bus Boycott of 1955 to 1956.  King's work in leading that boycott led to him and others creating the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, which was one of the major civil rights organizations during the Civil Rights Movement.

King is perhaps most famous for his "I Have a Dream" speech that was delivered during the March on Washington in 1963.

King was assassinated in 1968.  He is now honored by a national holiday that is celebrated near to his birthday in January.

jungtae | Student

Baptist minister and social activist who led the civil rights movement in the United States from the mid-1950s until his death by assassination in 1968. His leadership was fundamental to that movement's success in ending the legal segregation of African Americans in the South and other parts of the United States. King rose to national prominence as head of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, which promoted nonviolent tactics, such as the massive March on Washington (1963), to achieve civil rights. He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964.