Who was Jacques Audiberti, and what did he contribute to French literature?

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Ashley Kannan eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Audiberti was a French playwright who contributed to the expansion of the Theater of the Absurd.  Audiberti was a poet, novelist, and thinker as well as a dramatist.  In the wake of World War II and the world that Europe confronted, intellectual forces like Audiberti were critical in establishing the tone of which a world has lost its center and all forms of communication and connection were broken.  These ideas became evident in Audiberti's own works.  For example, in Quoat-Quoat, the protagonist accepts death over loss of individual identity, reflective of the condition that Europe found itself in the late 1940s.  In Le Mal court, Audiberti critiques the idea of innocence being universal and something preservable.  Rather, he articulates a notion in which individuals are fallen and struggle to rise again.  The "ultimate conclusion of silence" is an element that can be found in Audiberti's works.

In this light, his contribution to French literature is significant. Audiberti helped to give rise to the idea of how France, and in a larger sense, Europe, was going to emerge out of World War II.  Gone were the structures that promised solidity, unity, and a sense of totality.  Rather, Audiberti speaks to a world in which individuals are actors thrown on the stage, with a bright spotlight on them and are told to act without the assistance of script or director.  The resounding silence of such an instant is where Audiberti was able to speak to the meaning behind the Theatre of the Absurd.  This becomes his contribution to French literature and to the intellectual thought in Post World War II Europe. 

rachellopez | Student

Jacques Audiberti was a poet, novelist, and a French playwright. He was a former clerk for the justice of the peace and began his writing career as a journalist. He moved to Paris in 1925 and worte for Le Journal and Le Petit Parisien. Afterwords, he wrote over 20 plays with themes of good vs. evil.