Georgia O'Keeffe was an American artist whose works were significant for their innovations. She was born in Wisconson in 1887 and studied at the Art Institute of Chicago. There, O'Keeffe chafed against the conservatism and misogyny she experienced in the art world. Early in her career, she made it her mission to break conventional rules for artists and develop brand new styles. She honed this innovation when she taught and studied for a couple of years at Columbia University. In 1929, O'Keeffe made her first trip to New Mexico. The landscape of this state became a great influence on her. She eventually moved there permanently and is remembered as the state's most notable artist.
O'Keeffe's paintings are remarkable for their use of bright colors and stark lines. She often incorporated abstraction with elements of nature into her paintings and made use of recurring motifs. These include bleached animal bones, flowers, and desert landscapes.
In the 1950s, O'Keeffe began traveling internationally. Her trips to South America and Japan influenced a change in her artistic style. While she still focused heavily on nature-inspired motifs, O'Keeffe shifted to painting clouds and rivers. O'Keeffe is remembered today as much for her independent spirit as she is for her artwork.