Who Attended Gatsby's Funeral How And Why Is This Significant
In The Great Gatsby, who comes to Gatsby's funeral? Why does almost no one attend?
Only a small smattering of individuals attend Jay Gatsby's funeral, including a few servants, the West Egg post man, the minister overseeing the service, Owl Eyes, Nick, and most tragically, Henry Gatz, Gatsby's father.
Nick appears to be the closest person to Gatsby, although he's known him only briefly, so he takes on the responsibility of calling round to the other people he would expect to attend. When he reaches Wolfsheim, it becomes clear that the gangster would not be attending the funeral in spite of their close working relationship. Perhaps this is because Wolfsheim would prefer not to be seen as an associate of Gatsby's.
Nick also calls over to Daisy and Tom's home asking as to whether they will attend the funeral, only to be told they have left town with no forwarding address or set date to return home. It is implied that they are evading the investigation of Myrtle's death, as Daisy was the one to actually run her down in Gatsby's car.
Nick sums up the Buchanan's attitude and behavior well when he says, "they were careless people,” for they “smashed up things and creatures and then retreated back into their money or their vast carelessness, or whatever it was that kept them together, and let other people clean up the mess they had made.”
And of all the people to attend Gatsby's parties only one showed, Owl Eyes. The lack of attendance implies the transient nature of the American Dream and the valuelessness of material things. Gatsby collected things the same way most people collect friends, and in the end he was alone.
Nick, a minister, a few servants, Gatsby's father, and Owl Eyes are the individuals that attend Gatsby's funeral. Nick reached out to various individuals such as Wolfsheim, Gatsby's "boarder" Klipspringer, and even Daisy, assuming they would wish to pay their respect. However, they all decline or, in the case of Daisy, have left town without notice.
The lack of attendance emphasizes how people simply used Gatsby and did not really understand him beyond the rich man that threw lavish parties. On the other hand, Gatsby was so consumed with the desire to be rich in order to regain the love of Daisy, that he too never made genuine connections, only those that served his "business." No one really understood one another on a deep level. The story stresses how superficial and materialistic people were after World War One, living life to the fullest without any regard. In fact, Nick was the only person to become "close" to Gatsby and ironically this happens because Gatsby wanted to use Nick's connection to Daisy to his advantage. We see how phony relationships are portrayed in the novel; however, Nick felt a real bond with Gatsby, seeing how he declares him better than the rest and plans the funeral for a man he knew one summer.
Gatsby's funeral service is described in Chapter IX.The only people who come to Gatsby's funeral are Nick, the minister, Henry Gatz (Gatsby's father), four or five servants, the West Egg postman, and Owl Eyes (the man who attended one of Gatsby's parties).
Gatsby's business partner, Wolfsheim, did not come because he was a gangster and did not want to be publicly linked with Gatsby. Tom and Daisy did not come because they had left town to avoid any investigation into Myrtle Wilson's death and Gatsby's death. (Remember, it was Daisy who drove the car that killed Myrtle.) The hundreds of people who came to Gatsby's parties did not come because they had no relationship with Gatsby; they only came to his house to eat his food, drink his liquor, and have a good time. They used him, in other words.