Emmanuel Goldstein is the figurehead of Big Brother's opposition and the Party's most prominent enemy. Emmanuel Goldstein's image and identity are used to spread hysteria throughout Oceania's dystopian society and conjure fear in the hearts of its citizens. During the daily Two Minutes Hate ritual, Goldstein's image is projected on massive screens as he shouts anti-government rhetoric at the Party members, who become infuriated and vent their pent-up anger at the screen. In addition to being used to spread hysteria, Emmanuel Goldstein also acts as a scapegoat. The Party blames virtually everything on Goldstein's attempts to destroy their nation and uses his likeness to divert the population's attention.
Goldstein is also the leader of the secret organization dedicated to the demise of Big Brother known as the Brotherhood. Goldstein is not only the leader of this group but is also the author of The Theory and Practice of Oligarchical Collectivism, which elaborates on the Party's methods of controlling the population. Despite being such a prominent figure, Emmanuel Goldstein's existence is not confirmed, and he could very well be a fabricated character created by the Party to help control the population.