Charles Babbage was a mathematician from England, sometimes called the "father of computing." He was born in 1791 and taught himself algebra as a boy. When he got to college, he discovered that he knew more than his professors about math.
Babbage invented something called the Difference Engine which could compile math tables, and he soon had an idea for a machine that could do any kind of mathematical calculation. This machine had some similarities to today's computers, but was never completed to the level Babbage had hoped for.
Babbage had several works published during his life, and was instrumental in helping to form the Association for the Advancement of Science and the Statistical Society, whose name was later changed to the Royal Statistical Society.