Who was Aristotle?
Aristotle (384 B.C.-322 B.C.) was one of the greatest thinkers and writers of his time, joining with Plato (Aristotle's teacher) and Socrates (Plato's teacher) as the three greatest influences on Western philosophy. Aristotle's interests were eclectic, and his writings ranged from the sciences and mathematics (physics, logic, zoology, biology) to government (politics, ethics) and literature and the arts (poetry, theatre, music, rhetoric). Aristotle grew up as a member of Greek aristocracy: His father doctored the King of Macedon; he attended Plato's Academy in Athens; and later, he became the personal tutor of Alexander the Great as well as the future Egyptian King Ptolemy. Although his writings on all subjects profoundly influenced the academic world for centuries, it was his pioneering work in deductive inference, Prior Analytics, that gave birth to Aristotelian logic.