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linda-allen eNotes educator| Certified Educator

There is not enough room here to fully answer this question.

Alexander was the son of Philip II, King of Macedonia. Olympias, his mother, was not Macedonian. So when Philip married a second wife, named Cleopatra, who was, it was feared that his life might be in danger. Indeed, at the wedding feast, Cleopatra's father made a comment about Philip's finally being able to have a legitimate heir. Olympias and Alexander left Macedonia and stayed away until Philip's death.

When Philip died, Alexander returned to Macedonia and secured his place on the throne by killing Cleopatra and her baby son. Almost immediately he had to go to war against the city-states that had supported his father but were unsure of him as a ruler. He conquered Athens, Thebes, and most of Greece. He then traveled to Egypt, where he was welcomed. He ordered the building of Alexandria, which became Egypt's new capital and was a center for culture and learning.

In his final campaign, Alexander went to war against the Persian Empire and defeated King Darius. Alexander is called "the Great" because it seemed that he could not lose. Wherever he went, he took the Greek language and culture with him, which we call today Hellenization, for the Greek name of Greece.

Alexander's death at age 33 is mysterious and unsolved. Some think he was poisoned; others believe he contracted an intestinal virus or other disease.

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pohnpei397 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Alexander the Great was one of the greatest conquerors and military leaders in history.  He was born in 356 BC in Macedonia.  His father was Philip II, one of the greatest kings of Macedonia.  Alexander was to outdo his father and become much more famous.

Alexander was famously tutored by the great philosopher Aristotle while he was a child growing up in Macdeonia.  Among his companions during the time that he was being tutored were many youths who became generals of his during his conquests.

Alexander became king of Macedonia when he was only 20.  He reigned for about 12 years before dying.  In those 12 years, he accomplished great things militarily.  He is famous for conquering an empire that stretched from Egypt and Macedonia in the west to the edges of India in the east.  In doing so, he destroyed the Persian empire.

Alexander died in 323 BC, his death is believed to have been caused by a combination of wounds, excessive drinking, and an illness.

dkgarran eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Alexander the Great was the heir to King Philip II's growing empire. Born in Macedonia, Alexander the Great conquered not only Greece but expanded his empire as far east as India. In short, he was the most accomplished leader the world had ever seen.

Alexander had a true liberal arts education under the tuteledge of Aristotle. He studied literature, the sciences, history and military tactics. He applied his knowledge and understanding of people to his conquests. Alexander was responsible for a great deal of cultural diffusion.

Alexander the great died mysteriously in Babylon in the palace of Nebuchadnezzar II.

moustacio | Student

Alexander the Great was the son of the Macedonian king, Philip II. Born in 356 BC, he was given the training of a king since a very young age and possessed an amazing pedigree. Not only was he brought up on the works of Homer, he was also tutored by the great Greek philisopher, Aristotle, himself. His mother, Olympias, was a political animal who had dedicated herself to securing the throne for her son and had took great care in cultivating in him a sense of greatness. However, Alexander was rejected as the successor to the throne due to his mixed parentage since Olympias was not a Macedonian woman.

Alexander thus secured his succession by seizing power after his father’s death and murdering his half-brother. Using the anti-Persian cause, he rallied the Greek states together to take on Persia, the long-time enemy of Greece. Crossing the Hellespont in 334 BC, The Macedonian army slaughtered the Persian army against all odds at every single battle and their advances were only brought to a halt when the troops refused to go no further than Hydaspes. Alexander returned to Babylon, where he died in 323 BC, leaving no viable heir behind to inherit the vast Greek empire that he had created through his military conquests.

revolution | Student

Alexander the Great (or Alexander III) was the king of Macedon from 336-323 B.C. He was the son of Philip II and pupil of Aristotle. His many major military achievements on his path to world dominance, including the defeating of Persians at the Issus, conquering of Egypt, and the founding of Alexandria, which became the new capital of Egypt and was the hub for sophisticated culture and brand new inventions. He comprehensively and totally defeated the Persians at Arbela, and also controlled the whole of eastern Persian provinces, and overran Punjab. He later died at 323 B.C.

lizecullen | Student

alexander took over for his dad's position in 336 B.C.when he was killed. His father PhillipII was preparing for conquering persia and ALexander took overand conquered persia moving on to bigger places including egypt. His goal was to unite civilizations,, sread culture, and bring peace. to help accomplish his goal he improved his armies by adding philosophers and scientists. He was tought by aristotle in many fields and used his strategy for a smarter army. He changed his army by forcing every1 to shave their hair to not get grabbed by the enemy. After conquering persia he married a persian woman and made many of his leading men marry persian woman too. Tis helped spread their culture and unite Macedonia, Greece, and persia, HOwever; greeks thought of any1not able to speak greek as a barbarian so his goal was not fully acheived. He died one night after getting sick from drinking to much and then he was goin to becarried to macedonia to b carried. At syria a general of egypt attacked his carriers and took alexanders body to egypt and put i on display..