Who united the Zulu in the 1800s?

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kipling2448 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Shaka Zulu was the leader who united the disparate Zulu tribes in Southern Africa during the 19th Century, in the process creating a formidable nation where before there had been only warring clans subject to domination by European settlers.  In 1816 Shaka Zulu, a respected warrior among the Zulu people, took it upon himself to unite the clans under a single ruler, himself, and, in the process, forged a strong nation with better discipline, training, and armaments.  By the time he was done, the Zulu nations comprised over 200,000 people and a strong militarist tradition that did not go unnoticed by the Boers and British who were occupying much of the land.  Shaka Zulu's efforts, and increasingly despotic methods, both brought about his death by assassin in 1828 and ensured the surivival of his kingdom.