There are three branches of our government. Each branch has a different job. The branches are the legislative, executive, and judicial branches.
The legislative branch makes our laws. It consists of Congress. Congress includes the House of Representatives and the Senate. There are 535 members in Congress. The House of Representatives has 435 members. The Senate has 100 members. Members of the House of Representatives serve two-year terms. Members of the Senate serve six-year terms.
The executive branch is responsible for carrying out the laws that Congress passes. It includes the President and Vice President. The President and Vice President have a term that lasts four years. The President can serve no more than two terms.
The judicial branch is responsible for interpreting the laws that Congress passes. This includes our court system. The judges are the people in the judicial branch. The judicial branch determines if laws are legal or illegal. The judicial branch also determines what the laws mean. There are District Courts, Appeals Courts, and the Supreme Court.
Each branch of government has a different job. This was done to make sure no branch of government became too powerful.