Who speaks in only prose in Scene 1 Act 1?William Shakespeare's Julius Caesar

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mwestwood | College Teacher | (Level 3) Distinguished Educator

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In the opening scene of Shakespeare's Julius Caesar, it is the carpenter and the cobbler who speak in prose as it was customary for the Bard to use prose with the characters from the lower classes. This use of prose indicates class as well as providing the groundlings dialogue that can be easily understood and enjoyed by them. Here are examples from Scene 1 of Act I:


A trade, sir, that, I hope, I may use with a safe conscience, which is indeed, sir, a mender of bad soles.


What trade, thou knave?  Thou naughty knave, what trade?


Nay, I beseech you, sir, be not out with me:  yet, if you be out, sir, I can mend you.

Because the commoner, the cobbler, speaks literally, but the tribunes think there is a pun being made on the word soles and the cobbler says that he can "mend" them, Flavius becomes angry at what he perceives as insolence.  This miscommuncation, thus, provides humor for all classes in the audience.

It is interesting to note, too, that later on Casca speaks in prose in Scene 2 in order to be understood by the commoners, as does Brutus in Act III when he addresses the Romans in explication of the conspirators' motives after Caesar's assassination. 


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