Who are the souls tortured in Canto III of Dante's Inferno?

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In canto 3 of Dante's Inferno, Dante encounters those people not fully dead, yet are no longer alive, who wait in the antechamber between Heaven and Hell. Here they're subjected to the meaningless punishment of being repeatedly stung by "gadflies and hornets," and the blood and tears which flow from their bodies is sucked up by "disgusting worms" at their feet. Their meaningless punishment reflects their meaningless lives.

These are the self-serving cowards who refused to use their God-given talents, either for good or evil—"those / Who lived without infamy or praise"—and instead chose a safe...

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In Canto III of Dante's Inferno, the souls tortured are the "opportunists- those souls who in life were neither for good nor evil but only for themselves." In lines 17-18, Dante explains he will pass "among the fallen people, souls who lost the good of intellect." These "fallen people" are these "opportunists." They could have used their intellect for the betterment of society, but did not choose to do this with their knowledge. They had a "blind and unattaining state" (ln. 42). Dante recognizes Pope Celestine V among these souls; "I recognized the shadow of that soul who, in his cowardice, made the Great Denial" (ln. 56-57).