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Who said these words: "Give me blood and I will give you freedom"?  

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In a speech in 1944 to members of the Indian National Army, Subhas Chandra Bose gave a speech with the famous line "Give me blood, and I shall give you freedom" while touring Burma. Burma, today's Myanmar, was another British colony close to the Indian subcontinent.

India was colonized by the British, and before that it was controlled by the British East India Company. The country was incorporated into the British Empire and promised freedom after World War I, but the Indians had to continue negotiating for freedom from the British until it happened in 1947. Of the many opinions about decolonization in India, one supported peaceful nonviolence and tolerance (best exemplified by Mohandas Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru), while the other supported violent measures, as shown in this speech by Subhas Chandra Bose.

In the speech, Bose argued that since Britain was consumed by fighting in WWII and was distracted by war, they were at their weakest state and India should begin fighting back to win its independence. Bose argued that Indians should come together, put their lives on the line, and fight for freedom. Bose also referenced other countries in East Asia supporting their cause, namely Japan, Philippines, Vietnam, Indonesian islands, Thailand, and Burma (Myanmar).

The full text of this quote is "Friends! My comrades in the War of Liberation! Today I demand of you one thing, above all. I demand of you blood It is blood alone that can avenge the blood that the enemy has spilt. It is blood alone that can pay the price of freedom. Give me blood and I promise you freedom!"

There are some interesting things here; Bose used the word comrades to link Indians to the other colonized peoples fighting for freedom, in a way which was later used to link communist nations together (while communism had taken hold in the USSR at this point, the communist party was still actively at war with the nationalist party in China and had not officially taken control yet). Bose also traveled to the USSR to speak to Stalin about support for the nationalist movement.

Bose also asked for blood in this quote, both from the Indians who would die fighting for the cause and the blood of the enemy British who would be slain.

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Dorothea Tolbert eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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Subhas Chandra Bose said the words "Give me blood and I will give you freedom."  Bose was a leader in the Indian Independence movement.  He also created the Indian National Army.  The Indian Independence movement was against British colonial rule in India.  Bose believed in using force against the British in order to gain independence for India.  He saw violence as a necessity in the fight for India's independence.  In 1944, he gave a speech, which included the following words:

It is blood alone that can pay the price of freedom.  Give me blood and I will give you freedom!

By using these words, Bose promoted his idea of violence to obtain freedom from Britain.  He believed that bloodshed was a necessary sacrifice in the fight for Indian freedom.  He told his listeners that if they would sacrifice and fight for the cause of freedom, it could be obtained.  Bose died due to injuries from a plane crash two years before India gained independence, which occurred in 1947.

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