Who are Portia's suitors in The Merchant of Venice?
The three suitors who wished to marry Portia are:
1. The Prince of Morocco, who although dark complexioned is a brave warrior and a passionate lover:
"Mislike me not for my complexion,
The shadow'd livery of the burnish'd sun,
To whom I am a neighbour and near bred.
Bring me the fairest creature northward born,
Where Phoebus' fire scarce thaws the icicles,
And let us make incision for your love,
To prove whose blood is reddest, his or mine.
I tell thee, lady, this aspect of mine
Hath fear'd the valiant: by my love I swear
The best-regarded virgins of our clime
Have loved it too: I would not change this hue,
Except to steal your thoughts, my gentle queen." Act II Sc. 1
2. The second suitor who tries to win Portia is the Prince of Arragon. In Act II Sc. 9, Nerissa's opening remarks reveal that the Prince of Arragon has arrived and that he intends to straightaway try his luck at winning the hand of Portia:
3. The third suitor is Bassanio who tries his luck in winning the hand of Portia in Act III Sc.2. He chooses the correct casket and gets to marry Portia. He is successful because he was not misled by the outward appearance of the caskets:
The 3 suitors who tried their luck on Portia are respectively Prince of Morocco, Aragan and Bassanio.
The prince of Morocco chose the gold casket as he thought that portia was the thing that men from all over the world needed. Thus he chose the gold casket.
The prince of Aragon proved to be smart when he refused to select the gold casket he didn't want to choose what every body else would choose. However he was a fool to choose the silver casket as he could not imagine Portia's photo to be in a dusky casket like lead. Thus he chose the silver casket.
Bassanio was the hero of the casket scene as he is the only person who chose the correct casket. His arguments were that both the gold and silver casket presented some thing to the chooser but the lead casket threatned the chooser. Bassanio succeeded in his argument and chose the correct casket, winning Portia.