Who is Phoebe in The Catcher in the Rye and why is she called "old" Phoebe?

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Besides being a term of endearment, Holden's calling his sister old Phoebe indicates that he has known her for a long time, that he knows and understands her very well, and that he likes almost everything he knows about her character. He especially likes the fact that she is completely...

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Besides being a term of endearment, Holden's calling his sister old Phoebe indicates that he has known her for a long time, that he knows and understands her very well, and that he likes almost everything he knows about her character. He especially likes the fact that she is completely honest and natural, that she is not a phony and couldn't be a phony because she wouldn't know how. She serves as a contrast to the many phony adults he has enountered in his brief stay in New York. Both Holden and Phoebe are obviously exceptionally intelligent--like the members of the Glass family Salinger will write about later, notably in "Franny" and "Zooey"--although Holden doesn't think of himself as being intelligent. Because the brother and sister are both so intelligent, they understand each other easily and without having to engage in a lot of explanations. Because they have had good communication for years in spite of their age difference, Holden thinks of her as an old friend. Throughout the novel Holden is feeling terribly lonely and seems to be on the verge of a nervous breakdown. It is only at the end when he is briefly united with one person he loves and who truly loves him, that he experiences an epiphany which will lead to his being healed.

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Phoebe is Holden's younger sister. He refers to her as "old" Phoebe as a term of endearment. Meaning, good old Phoebe, one of the only people that Holden really trusts.

For Holden, all adults are phonies and cannot be trusted to tell the truth. Holden has difficulty with his peer relationships also. He does not really have friends.

Phoebe is the only constant in Holden's life. His sister is the only person who can tell Holden that he has messed up his life. She can be counted on, he loves her and depends on her love.

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Phoebe is Holden Caulfield's little sister.  He describes her as a smart and funny kid, and he makes it clear that he truly loves and admires her.  She represents his love and admiration for children; Holden loves the innocence of children and the fact that they have not yet been hit by life and the phoniness that adults portray.

He refers to her as "old" Phoebe more than anything else as a term of endearment.  It is typical of the time period to refer to someone you know well as "old" so-and-so, and that is how he also refers to her. It does not suggest her age or his view of her in any way.

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