Often considered the father of sociology, Emile Durkheim is also considered to be the creator of the modern social sciences. Durkheim studied psychology and philosophy and was responsible for establishing the first university program devoted to studying the sociological method and how people functioned in society. Durkheim formally investigated people's social behaviors, reading the likes of Confucius of ancient Greek philosophers such as Plato and Aristotle to study how they viewed the social behaviors of people in their communities.
Durkheim created the class to study and investigate how behaviors change depending on the social situation in which they participate. In the changing French society in the early 1900s Durkheim was accepted into a faculty position at the Sorbonne and was able to begin the first program devoted toward the social sciences.