The Bluest Eye is a novel from 1970 written by Toni Morrision. It was Morrison’s first novel. The story takes place in 1940s Ohio and focuses on Pecola, an African American girl with a very difficult life. The story is not narrated by Pecola, however. The narration changes throughout the story between Claudia MacTeer and a third-person narrator.
Chapter 1 specifically is narrated by Claudia. Claudia is Pecola’s foster sister. Pecola lives with Claudia’s family as a result of her house being burned down by her father. In Chapter 1, Claudia is 9 years old and it is the autumn. She tells the story of when Pecola first comes to live with her family. Shortly thereafter, Pecola gets her period for the first time and that becomes one of the centering events of the chapter.