The book "Black Boy" is narrated by the author Richard Wright. It is mostly written in first person narrative. Wright grew-up to write the book "Native Son." "Black Boy" is an autobiographical account of his life. It is basically written to serve as a memoir of some of Wright's experiences.
Wright tells about his life in Mississippi, Illinois, Tennessee, and Arkansas. He grew up in a time of great prejudice in the south. Wright wrote about his experiences so that he could serve as a historian telling events through his own thoughts.