The Masque of the Red Death by Edgar Allan Poe

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Who are the main characters in "The Masque of the Red Death" by Edgar Allan Poe?

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Walter Fischer eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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There are really only two main characters in Edgar Allan Poe’s short story The Masque of the Red Death. The first is Prince Prospero, the story’s protagonist, if that word can apply to a character completely lacking a moral compass. Poe’s story takes place during one of the smallpox epidemics that ravaged Europe due the Middle Ages, and the autocratic prince disappears with 1,000 of his friends and assorted sycophants into the security of his castle. As Poe’s unseen narrator observes in describing the merriment within the castle walls, its occupants oblivious to the suffering and death that is occurring outside those walls, “All of these and security were within. Without was the ‘Red Death’.” 

Poe’s narrator wastes no time introducing the reader to the bleak environment in which this land’s population resides, describing the “pestilence” in the bleakest of terms. The plagues that devastated Europe condemned millions to the most horrific of deaths. Within Prospero’s fortress, however, all was good. As Poe writes, “the Prince Prospero was happy and dauntless and sagacious.” As the prince’s partying and jocularity continues, however, a mysterious figure is observed. Prospero has created an atmosphere of unrelenting debauchery, but he has failed, the reader will discover, to prevent the penetration into his domain of the plague to which those beyond his castle walls are succumbing. As the clock strikes midnight, some of the revelers become aware of the second of Poe’s main characters: “a masked figure which had arrested the attention of no single individual before,” and who exudes a sense of threatening menace,...

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