Who wrote the parody "The Rape of the Lock"?
Aleander Pope did. He mocked the "baroque" style of heroic verse so given over to exaggeration and sentimentality by giving an account of a girl getting a curl snipped from her hair (an insignficant incident) as if it were a "federal case" or even an affair of the Olympian gods.
Parody is indeed the right word for this literary genre - imitating a certain form of writing but switching the content thereof so that the end effect is quite absurd. Johnathan Swift does the same thing with his essay "A Modest Proposal," only he uses understatement instead of exaggeration to make his point.