Who is Lucifer?Why did he revolt against God?
The name Lucifer comes from a prophetic text in Isaiah 14:12-15 which talks specifically to the king of Babylon who will one day take control of the world but then fall from power. It is common in the Hebrew Bible (Old Testament) for the prophets to address a literal figure in history but be using language that points to a bigger character. The passage reads:
How you have fallen from Heaven O morning star [Lucifer], son of the dawn! You have been cast down to the earth, you who once laid low the nations! You said in your heart 'I will ascend to heaven; I will raise my throne above the stars of God'... But you are brought down to the grave, to the depths of the pit.
The name Lucifer comes from the Hebrew word translated Son of the Morning. So, of this Babylonian King fell, then who is the bigger character behind the king? Many theologians believe that this is a prophetic reference to the devil much like Ezekiel 28. Other parts of the Bible describe the devil as once being an angel of God who was filled with pride, desiring to be God and was pushed out of heaven, taking 1/3 of the angels with him (Revelation 12). So, Lucifer is traditionally understood as the devil who was filled with pride, wanting to be God, and was kicked out of the throne room of God. The Christian tradition holds that he was been at war ever since.