The Great Gatsby Questions and Answers
by F. Scott Fitzgerald

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who is T.J. Eckleburg in The Great Gatsby?

In The Great Gatsby, Doctor T. J. Eckleburg is an "oculist," an eye doctor who, at some point in the past, paid for a large billboard to advertise his medical practice in the valley of ashes. It seems to represent the failure and the fiction of the American Dream, as it has been left to fall into disrepair, indicating, perhaps, that the practice failed as well.

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Between West Egg and New York City lies a depressing place locals refer to as the valley of ashes. Nick Carraway , the narrator, describes it as a place where ashes seem to grow up from the ground like crops and where all the houses and cars and even people are covered in ash, making it seem as though the whole place is made of the stuff. Even the air is powdery, and everything seems always gray and "ghastly" as a result. In...

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