Who invented chewing gum, and when was it first used?

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Gum has a long history dating back to the ancient world.  Ancient Greeks chewed resin from the Mastic Tree.  In 17th century America, settlers made their own formulation by combining spruce sap and beeswax.  The first commercial formulation of chewing gum occurred in 1848. John B. Curtis was responsible for packaging...

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Gum has a long history dating back to the ancient world.  Ancient Greeks chewed resin from the Mastic Tree.  In 17th century America, settlers made their own formulation by combining spruce sap and beeswax.  The first commercial formulation of chewing gum occurred in 1848. John B. Curtis was responsible for packaging the first chewing gum product available for sale to the public.

"The Curtis company thrived, and business grew still further when the younger Curtis developed a machine to mass produce gum and founded the first chewing gum factory. The Curtis's manufacturing process is roughly the same one used to produce chewing gum today."

The company was successful; however there were not many gum manufacturers entering the market in the 19th century.  One Ohio dentist, William Semple, recommended chewing gum for the purpose of exercising the jaw.  His formulation of gum, which was created with rubber, was given a patent in December 1869.

Over the next 50 years, the formulation of gum changed and new flavors made the product more appealing to a broader customer base, and more and more companies began manufacturing chewing gum. Particularly successful is the Wrigley Company. 

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