James Naismith invented it in Springfield,Massachusetts in 1891. He wanted to start a game where you don't have to handle the ball with your feet.
james naismith, he was a canadianat the ymca and had to create a game so students could play inside during winter. it started with a peach basket and a leather soccerball.
In 1891, James Naismith, a physical education instructor at the International Young Men's Christian Association (Y.M.C.A.) Training School (now Springfield College) in Springfield, Massachusetts, invented basketball so that his students would have a game to play indoors during the winter months. Naismith wanted his students to shoot a leather soccer ball into a box attached to the wall, but when a box was not available, a janitor nailed peach baskets to the balcony railing of the gym, thus setting the height of present-day basketball baskets at ten feet above the ground. One of the students wanted to call the game Naismith ball, but the inventor dubbed it simply "basketball." The game became popular among college students, and the first professional basketball game took place when players in Trenton, New Jersey, charged spectators for admission to a game in order to pay the cost of renting the gym. Two years later, the first professional league was formed with six teams from the area around Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Further Information: Bayne, Bijan C. Sky Kings: Black Pioneers of Professional Basketball. New York: Franklin Watts, 1998; NBA History. [Online] Available http://www.nba.com/history/index.html, October 23, 2000; Stewart, Mark. Basketball: A History of the Hoops. New York: Franklin Watts, 1998.