South Africa was initially colonized by the Dutch and the English. South Africa is a country rich in natural resources, including diamonds. This led to conflict between the English and Dutch in the area.
In 1940, the Afrikaner National Party gained control over the government. They developed a program called apartheid which was used to establish white domination and power over the minority groups.
These groups were placed into three categories, white, African, and colored, i.e, people with more than one ethnic background. Indians were placed into the colored category.
Nelson Mandela and others worked tirelessly for years to end the discrimination that occurred under apartheid.