Who founded the nation of Rhodesia and what is it called today?
The history of Rhodesia is not a happy chapter in British colonialism, as it becomes a textbook example of how colonialism was used to justify the impoverishment of Africans and the seizing of resources by whites. If you want to know more, you may find it interesting to read "No Witchcraft for Sale" by Doris Lessing that is set in Rhodesia and concerns an inter-racial conflict.
British colonists arrives in the country they called Rhodesia, which was named after British financier Cecil Rhodes, in the late 1800s. They seized the country's most fertile, productive farmland for themselves. Africans were removed from their ancestral homelands to communal lands, where the soil was poor and raising crops was difficult. The displaced African farmers became a source of cheap labour in cities and mines. As a result, the white minority enjoyed a high standard of living while the black majority barely scraped by.
Civil war tore apart the country of Southern Rhodesia after it declared independence from Britain in 1965. After years of fighting between black nationalists and government troops, Southern Rhodesia emerged as the republic of Zimbabwe under the leadership of a black African, Robert Mugabe, in 1980. He still remains in power today and is known as one of the most infamous African despots.