Old Major represents Vladimir Lenin. Old Major is the source of the new world order of Animalism. He is the individual who gives voice to the philosophy that will guide the animals on the farm. His first word to the animals is "Comrade," representing a direct link to Lenin's ideas of Communism that guided Russia for so long. Like Lenin, Old Major is seen as the source of all change. He is received with a wealth of support from the animals. Similar to Lenin, he articulates a vision of unity in which the majority has power. Like Lenin, Old Major is able to point to a specific enemy against which all should confront:
Man is the only creature that consumes without producing. He does not give milk, he does not lay eggs, he is too weak to pull the plough, he cannot run fast enough to catch rabbits. Yet he is lord of all the animals. He sets them to work, he gives back to them the bare minimum that will prevent them from starving, and the rest he keeps for himself. Our labour tills the soil, our dung fertilises it, and yet there is not one of us that owns more than his bare skin.
Old Major represents the Communism that Lenin articulated. It was a vision that predicated equality and a disenfranchisement of those in the position of power. Old Major's Animalism is the allegorical representation of Lenin's Communism.
Orwell shows Old Major's vision was something he was able to articulate towards the end of his life but lose control of it once he died. Old Major dies after the singing of "Beasts of England," a moment when there is a shared consciousness amongst all of the animals. He is not around to see how Napoleon and Snowball vie for power, only to have the former eliminate the presence of the latter. Like Lenin who was entombed for all to see, Old Major's head is put on display for all to see. In these connections, one sees how Old Major and his Animalism represents Lenin and his brand of Communism in Russian history.