In brief, Edwards considers all who will not turn from their own sin and wickedness and turn to God as enemies. He gives these people a variety of names throughout his sermon. At times these are "the foolish children of men", "many miserable human beings", or the singular "unconverted man". Whatever the descriptor might be, the common characteristics of the group are always the same:
- people who sin
- people who no better than to sin
- people who are not choosing to give Christ their entire heart
These people can be members of his congregation. Many people go to churches but do not actually believe in their hearts. These same people act like they understand the morals being taught but choose not to apply them in life. These seem to be the people that Edwards is trying to reach as he quotes Scripture with direct references to this type of behavior. These are the people he would consider enemies of God.
They not only justly deserve to be thrown down there, but the sentence of the law of God, that eternal and unchangeable rule of righteousness that God has fixed between Him and mankind, is gone out against them, and stands against them; so that they are already bound over to hell. John 3:18, "Whoever does not believe stands condemned already."
Those who do not believe are enemies of God.
The natural men. Natural Men were people who refused to allow christ in their hearts and just didn't care.
"So that, thus it is that natural men are held in the hand of God, over the pit of hell;"