Bradbury's Fahrenheit 451 and Guy Montag, the protagonist, can be connected to a number of literary works.
There is a clear connection between Fahrenheit 451 and George Orwell's novel 1984. Each of these novels deals with a disuptopian future where authorities enforce a policy that dehumanizes people. Montag and Winston Smith are similar in their rebellion against the system of authority, pitting their humanity against the rule of law.
The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn also presents a character in Huck Finn who, like Montag, finds that he has the power to rebel against a system of dehumanization with which he does not agree. Like Montag, he leaves home to assert his beliefs. This is not a perfect parallel, but there are strong thematic ties between these two characters.
Other works of literature featuring protagonists that are outcasts pressed to take a stand against their society include The Chocolate War and The Crucible.
Guy Montag reminds me of you ;)