Given that the essay depicts Richard Rodriguez's past regarding his Spanish-speaking home life and his English-speaking school life, he recalls the issues that arose from the differences. The importance of this essay is that it can speak to many different readers, for many different purposes.
While one can only assume who Rodriguez's intended audience is, many could benefit from his first-person account of growing up in a family impacted by both Spanish and English languages.
Therefore, the following persons who could be the intended audience for the essay are ESL (English as a Second Language) teachers, children (or youth) in the same circumstances as Rodriguez, adults who have been in the situation, and potential adoptive parents of a Spanish-speaking child.
The essay is important for ESL teachers so that they gain a first-person perspective of a person who grew up as a second language learner. The essay would be important for children, or youths, to read given it offers them a perspective to which they could relate to. Adults who have gone through what Rodriguez had could find comfort in knowing that others have experienced similar things as they had. Lastly, potential adoptive parents may wish to read the essay so that they have a greater understanding of what their prospective child may face as learners of a second language in America.