On March 15, 44 B.C., Julius Caesar was assassinated by a group of Roman senators. William Shakespeare wrote Julius Caesar based on the facts told by Plutarch, the historian. The assassination changed the course of Roman history. There were over sixty senators who actually knew about the conspiracy and also took part in the murder.
The conspirators were primarily senators who had personal grievances with Caesar. Brutus on the other hand was concerned about the welfare of the Roman government and its citizens. Cassius was the initiator of the conspiracy. He felt that Caesar was no better than he. In addition, he felt that Caesar was weak and sickly.
The following senators were part of the conspiracy:
Casca-His purpose was to make the first knife strike on Caesar.
Cassius-He would move in closer to Caesar as the conspiracy began.
Cinna-He urges Cassius to enlist Brutus for their cause. Immediately after Caesar's assassination, Cinna yells, ''Liberty! Freedom! Tyranny is dead!"
Metelllus Cimber-His purpose was to attract the attention of Caesar about Metellus’s brother who had been banished from Rome.
Decius Brutus-He was to go to Caesar’s house and accompany him to the Senate.
Marcus Brutus-He was last to join the conspiracy and the last to stab Caesar.
Trebonius-He distracted Antony as Caesar went into the senate.
Caius Ligarius-Caius Ligarius bears a personal grudge towards Caesar, for Caesar upbraided him for speaking well of Pompey. Despite his illness, he is drawn in to the conspiracy by Brutus
Good gentlemen, look fresh and merrily;
Let not our looks put on our purposes,
But bear it as our Roman actors do,
With untired spirits and formal constancy.
And so, good morrow to you every one.
Caesar received over thirty wounds. These are the conspirators who participated in the assassination in the play.
The conspirators in Julius Caesar are Brutus, Metellus Cimber, Casca, Trebonius, Cinna, Decius Brutus, and Cassius.