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Mona Lisa is the title of a painting created by the Italian artist and polymath Leonardo da Vinci. 

Born on April 15, 1452, Leonardo da Vinci was the illegitimate son of a minor bureaucrat. He was born in Tuscany and first lived in the countryside and then in the city of Florence. Despite his illegitimacy, he was acknowledged by his father and raised in his father's household.

In this period, Florence under the rule of the Medici family, was a great center of the Renaissance in arts and learning. Leonardo was probably apprenticed to the distinguished painter Andrea del Verrocchio, and later set up his own workshop in Florence in 1472. He moved to Milan where he worked from 1482 until 1499, and then spent time in Hungary, returned to Florence, and also worked in Rome. He moved to France in 1516, where he worked for  King Francis I, and he died there on 2 May 1519.

One of Leonardo's best known paintings is Mona Lisa (also called La Gioconda) which is a three-quarter length seated portrait, most probably of Lisa Gherardini, wife of a wealthy Tuscan merchant.