Who caused the downfall of Macbeth? Macbeth himself, Lady Macbeth, or the 3 witches?

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It's true that the Weird Sisters tell Macbeth that he will be king, and it seems as though they want to manipulate him in order to see the lengths to which he will go to make it happen. They certainly don't have good intentions toward him, or else they might tell him his reign will end poorly, or they would word the apparitions' warnings less enigmatically so Macbeth can understand the danger to him. In the end, though, it is Macbeth who chooses to murder Duncan. No one forces him. It is also true that Lady Macbeth plays a big role in getting Macbeth to go through with the murder. However, she cannot do it herself, and he could ultimately choose not to, as well. When the chips are down, so to speak, Macbeth carries out the murder. Macbeth is manipulated, it's true, but he makes the choice to kill Duncan. He makes the choice to kill Banquo. He makes the choice to kill Macduff's whole family. He is the one who makes choices that take him from a brave and loyal soldier to a corrupt and cruel monster. Because Macbeth is ultimately in charge of his own decisions, we must lay the responsibility for his downfall at his own feet.

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Shakespeare intended Macbeth to be a tragic hero who had only one flaw in his character. This meant passing some of the blame onto Lady Macbeth and the Three Witches. No doubt Macbeth would not have acted as he did if it hadn’t been for the goading and manipulation of his wife and the false prophecies of the Weird Sisters, but Macbeth himself brought about his own downfall by being so gullible and by committing atrocities of his own invention and on his own initiative. He had more than one tragic flaw. He was ambitious, but he was also weak, gullible, uxorious, deceitful, cruel, reckless, and incompetent. His downfall was largely due to his misrule of his kingdom. If he had retained the loyalty of all the thanes, he might have been invulnerable. Lady Macbeth was certainly instrumental in the murder of King Duncan, but she drops out of sight after Act 3, Scene 4, in which Banquo’s ghost appears, and she is only shown in the sleepwalking scene in Act 5, Scene 1 because she is too important a character to be entirely forgotten. Macbeth was his own worst enemy.

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