who can tell me what is Irony, Synecdoche, Metonymy, Metaphor, Bildungsroman,and Genre in eastist way or in easist santances?this is my...

who can tell me what is IronySynecdocheMetonymyMetaphorBildungsroman,and Genre

in eastist way or in easist santances?

this is my middle exam's question

Expert Answers
pirateteacher eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Irony is the opposite of what is expected (the police station is robbed). Synecdoche is when a part of an object, person, place is used to describe the whole.  When you ask your friends for a hand, you don't really want their hand- you want what's attached to it.  The hand is a part of the whole person you want to help you.

Metonymy is similar and often confused for synecdoche, but is more metaphorical.  Metonymy is a commonly associated attribute used to describe a person, place, thing.

  • The crown today wished the prince well in his marriage.

Clearly the crown can't talk.  Who's associated with the crown? The Queen.

A metaphor is a comparison between two things without using like or as.  The night was smooth velvet. Or my favorite, The boy was not a bright crayon.  The night isn't velvet and the boy can't be  a crayon, but the metaphor compares the two with similar (or dissimilar) attributes.

A bildunsroman describes a work that discusses a characters journey.  Huck Finn is a bildunsroman because it not only follows his journey down the Mississippi, but also shows his personal growth as a result of the journey.