Who is, by the end of the play, admitting to be afraid of Virginia Woolf?
In the last line of the play, George says, ironically, "I am, Martha, I am", by which Albee dramatizes the codenouement final resolution between him and Martha, a shouting match built on mutual fear of each other's ego. The title is a play on words, but the fact of Virginia Wolff's reputation as a strong feminist has formed the center of most scholarly interpretation of the play. Is this a play about masculine vs. feminine energy? Are the characters symbolic of Man and Woman in general, or is the play a set of full-length portraits of specific characters? Albee is a modern playwright, not directly connected with the realism of Ibsen or Chekhov, but rather experimenting with extreme manifestations of familial conflict--what is now called a dysfunctional family. The theme of dysfunctional family was a modern one. Arthur Kopit, a contemporary of Albee's, wrote "Oh Dad, Poor Dad, Momma's hung you in the closet and I'm feeling so sad."