Who are the Indigenous Peoples?

Indigenous Peoples are people who are the original inhabitants of a geographic region. For example, the Lakota of the United States and the Maori of New Zealand are Indigenous Peoples. Throughout history, lots of Indigenous Peoples have had their land stolen from them and faced lots of discrimination and violence that still continues today.

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The term “Indigenous Peoples” is used to describe people around the world who were the original inhabitations of a geographical region. Over the course of human history, people have moved to and often colonized geographic regions that are different from the region they were born in. Often when people did...

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The term “Indigenous Peoples” is used to describe people around the world who were the original inhabitations of a geographical region. Over the course of human history, people have moved to and often colonized geographic regions that are different from the region they were born in. Often when people did this, other people already lived on the land that they moved to. For example, when European colonists came to settle in the Americas, there were people already living there. These people are called Indigenous Peoples. Throughout history, Indigenous Peoples have been treated quite badly by colonists, and in many cases they were forced to learn new languages, religions, and cultural practices because other people took control of their land.

“Indigenous Peoples” is an umbrella term for many different distinct communities and cultures. For instance, the term refers to the Mayas in Guatemala, the Saami of northern Europe, the Lakota of the United States, and the Maori of New Zealand. Overall, Indigenous Peoples make up about six percent of the world’s population but fifteen percent of the poor. This is because Indigenous Peoples' rights are often overlooked. Their land has historically not been recognized as their land, and they tend to be disproportionally affected by environmental degradation and face inequitable access to healthcare services.

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