Who is the antagonist and the protagonist in the short story "The Sniper" by Liam O'Flaherty?

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The protagonist of the short story is the Republican sniper, who lies on a rooftop near the O’Connell Bridge, where he desperately avoids the enemy sniper stationed on the opposite roof. The protagonist is depicted as a young man, who is experienced in battle and is a Republican fanatic during the Irish Civil War. After being spotted and shot by the enemy sniper stationed on the opposite roof, the protagonist cleverly tricks the enemy sniper and ends up killing him towards the end of the story. The antagonist of the story is the enemy Free Stater sniper stationed on the opposite roof. At the end of the short story, the protagonist successfully kills the enemy sniper only to discover that the Free Stater sniper was his brother.

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The answer to this question is not difficult, but it is awkward.  It's awkward because "The Sniper" doesn't use character names.  There is a sniper, another sniper, an old woman, and a soldier in an armored vehicle.  

Among those characters, the protagonist is the sniper that is fighting for the Republicans.  The narration of the story focuses on this sniper, and the reader is driven to desire his survival over the other sniper.  That is the main reason that the Republican sniper is the protagonist.  

The other sniper is the main antagonist.  He fights for the Free Staters.  He is the main threat to the Republican sniper, and the Free Stater sniper succeeds in wounding the protagonist.  At the end of the story, the protagonist has defeated the enemy sniper, but it is a hollow victory.  The dead enemy sniper turns out to be the brother of the protagonist.

Then the sniper turned over the dead body and looked into his brother’s face.  

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