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While Hobbes believed in a monarchy, Locke believed in legislature. How are these different, if they are?   I'm confused.  What is the difference between a monarchy and parliament then? If they are, wouldn't that mean that Locke's and Hobbes' philosophies are similar?

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Although the British system does have a legislature and a monarch, it is (and was even back in the days of Hobbes and Locke) very different from the sort of monarchy that Hobbes envisioned.

For Hobbes, the ideal government was an absolute monarchy.  In such a government, there might be representatives of the people, but they would have no power.  The monarch would make all the decisions.

This is very different from the sort of constitutional monarchy that Britain had.  In such a system, Parliament (the legislature, which is headed by a Prime Minister) has real powers.  They get to make the laws and they have powers like the "power of the purse" that the monarch cannot infringe upon.  In such a system, the monarch is not absolute but has serious limits on his or her power.

So, Hobbes and Locke had very different visions of what government should be like.

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