Allusion plays a significant role in the development of the play and its themes. There are many allusions to the Bible, including a few to the Garden of Eden. For example, Hamlet says,
O God, God,
How weary, stale, flat, and unprofitable
Seem to me all the uses of this world!
Fie on 't, ah fie! 'Tis an unweeded garden
That grows to seed. Things rank and gross in nature
Possess it merely (1.2.136–141).
Hamlet compares the world, now that his father has died and his mother has married her brother-in-law (who is, by canon law, her own brother) so quickly, to a garden that has become overgrown and rotten with weeds. This seems as though it could be a reference to the Garden of Eden, after Adam and Eve committed the original sin and fell from God's grace. They were cast out of Paradise and not allowed to reenter. Hamlet's mother and father, likewise, seemed to occupy a Paradise in Hamlet's mind while his father lived, as they seemed...
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