Which statement about a multiparty system is true?   It can be found in fewer than 10 countries today.   It is the most common system in the world today.   It is less common than a two-party system today.   It is less common than a single-party system today.

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So, what do these terms mean?

Multi-party states are democracies in which three or more parties frequently hold a significant number of seats in important governing bodies.

Denmark, Finland, Germany, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Mexico, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Pakistan, the Philippines, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sweden, and Taiwan are all generally considered multi-party states.

Two-party states are democracies in which there are really only two parties that hold a significant number of seats in important governing bodies.

The United States is one of a handful of countries that is universally considered a two-party state, but other countries such as Australia and the United Kingdom where most of the seats are held by one of two major parties are also sometimes considered two-party states as well (while others consider them multi-party states).

Single-party states come in two types: Democracies in which one party for some reason happens to hold almost all the major seats, and authoritarian states which may have some formal kind of pseudo-democracy but are really governed by an authoritarian system. The former are also sometimes called dominant-party states to distinguish them.

Brazil, Japan, and Turkey are the first kind, democracies with a single dominant party.

China, North Korea, Cuba, and Eritrea are the second kind, authoritarian governments that hold elections as a formality.

In some cases, it's kind of ambiguous; just how democratic is Russia or Syria?

Okay, now with that done, we can easily answer your question. The multi-party system is clearly the most common; dozens of countries use it, while only a handful are dominant-party states or two-party states. A moderate number of countries are authoritarian single-party states, but still clearly fewer than the number of multi-party states.

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