Georgia's two senators during World War II were Richard Russell Jr. and Walter F. George. Both used their influence to procure defense contracts for the benefit of their state. The state's economy had been floundering during the Great Depression, but the war turned that around. Old military installations were revamped and expanded, and new ones were established all over the state.
During World War II, Savannah became a major shipping center, and industry grew. Fort Benning hosted the largest infantry training program in the country, and the University of Georgia in Athens established one of the largest flight schools for the Navy. While he was not alone in establishing these schools, Senator Russell in particular lobbied for this. He also pushed for the expansion of the Savannah and Brunswick shipyards. Overall, Senator Russell was greatly responsible for establishing or expanding fifteen military bases in Georgia as well as a number of important research facilities.
Senator George also supported a large military expansion in his state. He pushed for much of the state's agricultural and industrial expansion to help support the war effort. He even began this move before the country's official entrance into the war by supporting the Lend-Lease Act. He was very influential in securing defense contracts to help transform and expand farming operations in Georgia to help produce food products for the military.