Which school of thought (Confucianism, Daoism, or Legalism) was the most appropriate to China (during the Period of the Warring States)?
Which one was the most appropriate based on their ways of looking at the role of the individual, government, and human society. Thanks
The Warring States of China took place between the years of 480BCE to 221 BCE. The Warring States was a period of time of endless brutal wars between the seven states of China, and could only end through the consolidation of the Empire. The wars of this period were not only because of diplomatic and territorial disputes, but also because of one state trying to take over another.
During the Warring States era, Confucianism was prominent within the country. Confucius philosophers Hsun-tzu and Mencius taught and wrote during this period; yet, Legalism was the school of thought that was most appropriate. Legalism, known as the school of law, was the main philosophy during this era. It states that men are inherently evil and need to be controlled by force to avoid chaos.
Legalists philosophers emphasize control of the state over control of man. The people have no civil rights personal freedom. It was important to make sure the ruler had all of the power.
People were allowed to advance within the Legalist system. They could move up ranks, for example, if for the number of people killed during a war. Within the Warring States Era, most of the people's time was focused on training and raising up armies to dissemble the other states.