Which perspective in psychology, either historical or current, makes the most sense and why?
Psychology is the study of mental function and behavior. This is my opinion but I would say that the most effective perspective in psychology would be multi-faceted. This perspective would include neurological, historical, social and cultural data. Such a perspective could also be augmented by studies in anthropology, physiology and the humanities.
Two examples of psychological schools:
Behaviorism is efficient in its description of all events and behavior in terms of physiology and stimulus response, but it does not account for the complexity of consciousness.
Cognitive psychology attempted to include neurology and philosophy of mind (which drew on computer science) to make up for the behaviorists lack of ability to describe behavior, like language acquisition, which was not completely determined by learned response to stimuli.
I think the most effective perspective is the biopsychosocial approach because it acknowledges the biological, psychological and social influences on the psyche. This approach is interdisciplinary which means it relies on multiple disciplines to form a theory of thought because all these aspects (biology, psychology and social studies) impact an individual’s (or a group’s) mental configuration. This approach also acknowledges he mind-body connection (the internal/external connection).
The biopsychosocial approach makes the most sense because it accounts for all the things that affect and influence mental function and behavior.
The Psychodynamic Perspective
The psychodynamic perspective originated with the work of Sigmund Freud. This perspective emphasizes the role of the unconscious mind, early childhood experiences, and interpersonal relationships to explain human behavior and to treat people suffering from mental illnesses.
There are many different ways to think about human thought and behavior. The many perspectives in modern psychology provide researchers and students a way to approach different problems and find new ways to explain and predict human behavior as well as develop new treatment approaches for problem behaviors.