Which parts of the government does the National Organization for Women target?

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The National Organization for Women (NOW) targets all three branches of government to enact political change on issues that face women. The organization describes itself as a ". . . multi-issue, multi-strategy organization that takes a holistic approach to women’s rights."

NOW is a grassroots organization that has hundreds of...

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The National Organization for Women (NOW) targets all three branches of government to enact political change on issues that face women. The organization describes itself as a ". . . multi-issue, multi-strategy organization that takes a holistic approach to women’s rights."

NOW is a grassroots organization that has hundreds of chapters across the US. It was founded in 1966 and tackles issues that face women and girls.

Judicial

NOW reports that it uses education and litigation to achieve full equality for women. An example of this is the case NOW vs. Scheidler. NOW filed a lawsuit against several pro-life groups and argued that these groups illegally attempt to prevent women from accessing abortion through a threat of violence.

Executive & Legislative
NOW also engages in lobbying with lawmakers. In the references section below is an example of how NOW encourages citizens to speak with members of Congress about women's issues.

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The National Organization for Women (NOW) tries to influence the direction of public policy in the United States through campaigns targeting, on a horizontal plane, the executive, legislative, and judicial branches. On a vertical plane, it also operates campaigns at both the federal and state levels of government.

In targeting the federal, legislative, and executive branches, NOW engages in lobbying activities which include face-to-face meetings with members of Congress and the executive branch, public endorsements of political candidates, and the donation of money to political campaigns, recently including those of Jacky Rosen and Bill Nelson.

In targeting the judicial branch, NOW attorneys research, prepare, and file amicus curiae briefs. It also engages in civil litigation in the hope of creating favorable case law. For instance, in the 1994 case of National Organization for Women v. Scheidler, NOW successfully obtained a ruling applying the provisions of the RICO Act to some anti-abortion protesters.

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The National Organization for Women (NOW) targets all branches of government at all levels: federal and state executive, legislative, and judicial branches. NOW’s mission statement states that the organization "works to enhance the status of women in the United States and around the world through many strategies, including advocacy, litigation and education." Note the inclusion of the word "litigation," which shows the organization’s judicial-oriented method for advancing goals. If, for example, states or the U.S. Congress pass laws in contravention of the organization’s policies, regarding the goal of achieving equal treatment for women in all areas of life, NOW employs its considerable financial and political resources to repealing such laws, including those involving reproductive rights. NOW lobbies legislatures and executive branches of government while filing law suits or serving as "friends of the court" (amicus curiae) in litigations with which it is sympathetic.

NOW has long been active in involving members of Congress supportive of its policies and works with executive branch officials when the occupant of the White House similarly supports the organization. It works through the judicial system, as noted, to advance or repeal laws depending on the nature of those laws. In short, the organization involves all parts of the government.

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The National Organization for Women targets all three branches of government.  

NOW targets the elected branches of government in a number of ways.  It supports candidates that it approves of by (among other things) endorsing them and by donating money to them.  It lobbies members of Congress and the executive branch on a face to face basis.

NOW also targets the judicial branch.  One way that it does this is by submitting amicus curiaebriefs to the courts on issues that are of importance to NOW.  These are briefs that support one side of a case, such as this one, that NOW is not directly involved in.  NOW also brings law suits of its own.

In these ways, NOW targets all three branches of government.

Further Reading

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