The National Organization for Women (NOW) tries to influence the direction of public policy in the United States through campaigns targeting, on a horizontal plane, the executive, legislative, and judicial branches. On a vertical plane, it also operates campaigns at both the federal and state levels of government.
In targeting the federal, legislative, and executive branches, NOW engages in lobbying activities which include face-to-face meetings with members of Congress and the executive branch, public endorsements of political candidates, and the donation of money to political campaigns, recently including those of Jacky Rosen and Bill Nelson.
In targeting the judicial branch, NOW attorneys research, prepare, and file amicus curiae briefs. It also engages in civil litigation in the hope of creating favorable case law. For instance, in the 1994 case of National Organization for Women v. Scheidler, NOW successfully obtained a ruling applying the provisions of the RICO Act to some anti-abortion protesters.