Which one of the gods is angry with Odysseus, and why? Which book can I find the answer for myself?

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Odysseus has the misfortune of angering Poseidon, the god of the sea, and that is what makes it so difficult for Odysseus to sail home from Troy to Ithaca after the Trojan War ends. Poseidon was thought to have favored the Trojans in the war, and the successes brought about...

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Odysseus has the misfortune of angering Poseidon, the god of the sea, and that is what makes it so difficult for Odysseus to sail home from Troy to Ithaca after the Trojan War ends. Poseidon was thought to have favored the Trojans in the war, and the successes brought about by Odysseus were an annoyance to Poseidon. The relationship between Athena and Odysseus is also an annoyance, as Athena helped the Greeks during the war. Making life difficult for Odysseus is a way for Poseidon to strike back at his immortal rival.

Perhaps the most explicit evidence of a reason for Poseidon's mistreatment of Odysseus and his crew is found in book nine of The Odyssey. The storm that Poseidon stirs up at sea pushes Odysseus to an island inhabited by Polyphemus, a son of Poseidon. In self-defense, Odysseus and his men blind the cyclops and escape the island, which definitely enrages Poseidon.

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Just to finish that last sentence, which I noticed wasn't quite complete, when Polyphemus curses Odysseus this further enrages Poseidon who redoubles his efforts to be sure that Odysseus never makes it home.

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Poseidon has been angry with Odysseus for quite some time and some of it stems from the fact that Odysseus devised the plan by which the Greeks defeated the Trojans, and the Trojans had a particular fondness for Poseidon who returned the feeling.

So Poseidon is intent on preventing Odysseus from returning home and helps to set up a number of obstacles that make his return more difficult.  The sea is against Odysseus and many storms blow him off course including the massive one that leads him to the lotus eaters and then to the land of the cyclops (book 9).

This of course led to another incident that directly provoked Poseidon since Odysseus ended up blinding Polyphemus, one of Poseidon's sons.  When Polyphemus curses Odysseus in the name of Poseidon during his rage at Odysseus and his men as they escape the island.

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