Which Native American tribes were most prevalent in the Pacific Northwest?

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The Pacific Northwest Native American tribes lived in a narrow band of land along the coast from southern Alaska to northern California. The northern tribes in this area generally spoke Tlingit and included Haida, Tsimshian, and the Haisla (or the northern Kwakiutl). Further south were the other Kwakiutl, Nuu-chah-nulth, and the Bella Coola. Extending from Vancouver Island south into current-day Oregon were the Coast Salish-Chinook group, including the Makah, Tillamook, Siuslaw, Chinook, and other tribes. The Coast Salish were among the most numerous and powerful of the southern tribes in the Pacific Northwest and made up a group of tribes with different languages and cultures. In what is now northern California lived the Tututni-Tolowa, the Karok, Hupa, Yurok, and Wiyot. The Native American tribes in this region spoke several different languages, and many of the tribes relied on fishing, hunting, and gathering shellfish to survive. 

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