1984 Questions and Answers
by George Orwell

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Which nation is the most current enemy of Oceania in 1984?

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For the majority of the story, Oceania is at war with Eastasia and is allied with Eurasia. Oceania is engaged in an ongoing war to use up the country's natural resources and maintain a hysterical atmosphere, which allows the government to tighten its grip on the population. Despite the fact that none of the three world superpowers can defeat each other, Oceania continues to engage in warfare.

In chapter 9 of part 2, Big Brother completely switches its enemy in the middle of Hate Week and declares war against its former ally, Eurasia. The Party also insists that it was never at war against Eastasia, and the entire population accepts the Party's contradicting rhetoric. However, Winston Smith is aware that the population only accepts Eurasia as their new enemy because they practice doublethink. Regardless of Oceania's "enemy," Julia tells Winston that it doesn't matter and that the continual warfare is a tactic used to control and suppress the masses.

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