Which Mongol ruler united nomadic tribes into one powerful military force?

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Genghis Khan, born in 1162 as Temujin, unified the nomadic Mongol tribes and founded the Mongol Empire. Genghis Khan's father was once the head of the ruling Mongol clan, but his family lost this power when Khan's father was killed. As a young man, Khan showed a great inner fire...

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Genghis Khan, born in 1162 as Temujin, unified the nomadic Mongol tribes and founded the Mongol Empire. Genghis Khan's father was once the head of the ruling Mongol clan, but his family lost this power when Khan's father was killed. As a young man, Khan showed a great inner fire and determination. Once, when captured by another clan and forced to wear a wooden collar like a dog, Khan took off the collar and used it to knock out the man guarding him before escaping. Khan was charismatic and inspired loyalty from others; early in his military career, he formed alliances with a number of people from nomadic clans. This was a rather unique approach compared to other military strategies, where alliances with the aristocracy were favored. Befriending the "regular guys" benefited Khan in the long run. Anyone who violated the alliance or was not willing to form one was killed. Soon, Genghis Khan had built up a strong enough following that he was able to wipe out entire clans. By developing alliances and destroying the opposition, Genghis Khan was able to unite the nomads of the steppe with the inspiration of Mongolian nationalism. With the creation of the Mongol nation, he officially became the "universal ruler," or Genghis Khan.

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